United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an international organisation that was founded in 1945 following World War II. The main aims for creating the organisation were to promote peace and to provide a platform for dialogue. The UN contains multiple subsidiary organisations which carry out its missions. There are currently 192 member states, including nearly every sovereign state in the world. Go to the homepage of the UN for more information.

The UN and Disability The UN Decade of Disabled Persons (1983–1993) featured a World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons. Read more about the UN Decade of Disabled Persons here.

On 13 December 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations formally adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the first human rights treaty of the 21st century, aimed to protect and enhance the rights and of the world's estimated 650 million disabled people. Read more about the Convention on the Rights with Disabilities here.

MDAC encourages States to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, seeks to monitor implementation of the CRPD on the national level, build the capacity of local NGOs with respect to monitoring CRPD rights, including by submitting shadow reports to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and works to assess CRPD national monitoring bodies in Europe. In addition, MDAC closely follows the work of the UN Committee on the Right of Persons with Disabilities.

Links to UN bodies and committees

United Nations homepage
Human Rights materials
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Human Rights Committee
Committee Against Torture (CAT)
The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
The UN and Persons with Disabilities

Links to key declarations and resolutions

Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
UN Resolution A/RES/48/96 4/3/1994 on Standard Rules on the equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners
Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care, adopted by General Assembly resolution 46/119 of 17 December
Committee of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, General Comment no. 5 Persons with disabilities UN Doc E/C.12/1994/13
Human rights of persons with disabilities, UN Commission on Human Rights resolution 2000/51

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